Parku Kombëtar Divjakë, Karavasta

Lushnje, Albania

Business Description:

The current surface 22,230.00 ha. and is located 5 km from Divjaka and 40 km from the city of Lushnje. It is undoubtedly the most important area along the coast of the country and the most important in the Mediterranean. There are a number of habitats such as the delta of the rivers, the lagoon, the sand dunes, the psamof plants, the halophytes, and hygrophites, the mild and wild pine forest and the granary juniper (Juniperus monocarpa). There are 3 species of endemic salepus of the genus Orchis and endemic species Aster albanicus. Along the delta meets the globally threatened mammal lynx (Lutra lutra). The spread has jackal, fox, baldosa, etc. The park and the area around it has historical, cultural and archaeological value with great potential for tourism development. A management plan with JICA is being drafted.

The lagoon is near Lushnja. In it grow some rare species of pines and a rare species Pelican, “Dalmatian Pelican”. It is assumed that 5% of all pelicans of this type live there. It is the largest of our country and in the entire Adriatic coast, 4330 ha, length 10,6 km, width 4,3 km and depth up to 1,5 m. It is divided by the sea through a wide sandy bay, covered by dense forest, on the edge of which is a large beach. It connects to the three-channel sea, one of which is artificial, open to fishing needs. Through these channels, due to tidal and reflux, the flow of water changes direction every 6 hours. During a tidal cycle, the water exchange with the sea reaches roughly 1/50 of the entire lagoon volume. Inside there are small islands, where birds are nestled. Characteristic in this area is Pelican Kaçurel colony with about 60 pairs representing about 5% of the total number of this species on a world scale. The Karavastaja for this species represents its westernmost border. There is also the presence of several hundreds of seahorse couples. This park is also part of the Karavasta Lagoon complex, which is under the protection of the Ramsar International Convention since 1994.

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